The commonest type of fungal infection is athlete’s foot that affects the outer layer of skin on the feet, particularly between the toes and can be treated easily with anti-fungal cream. Sometimes fungal infection affects larger areas of skin, or the hair or nails and requires oral medication to treat it.

What are the symptoms of a fungal infection?

Fungal infection of the nail may cause it to become discoloured, thickened or to lift off from the nail bed.  In the scalp, fungal infection causes scaly, raised itchy plaques and on the body there may be annular (ring-shaped) lesions.

What causes fungal infections?

Fungal infections can be caused by dermatophytes, yeasts and moulds which thrive in warm, moist environments and can spread to others. Nail disorders are more common in those with a weakened immune system because of an underlying health condition such as diabetes or a recent injury.

How is a fungal skin infection diagnosed?

Dr Williams will first perform a physical examination and review your medical history. She will organise laboratory testing if required by taking a scraping of nail or skin. This will identify the type of fungus present.  Dr Williams can advise as to whether topical or oral anti-fungal treatment is the most appropriate.